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Peace Diamond Alliance

 

¨          Overview

¨          Activities

·Conflict Management and Representing Community Interests

·Community/Industry Self-Regulation: Code of Conduct

·Raising Capital and Providing Loans to Artisanal Mining Cooperatives

· Supporting Human Rights and Broader Economic Development

· Providing grants to PDA Civil Society Members

¨          Roots of an International Movement?

¨          Structure and Members

¨          To Become a Member

¨          Support to the Alliance

¨          Location

 

OVERVIEW

On a hot day in December 2002, a diverse cast of international and local businesspeople, government, traditional leaders, foreign diplomats, and community members met under UN Peacekeepers’ tents in rural Sierra Leone to form the Peace Diamond Alliance.  The unprecedented initiative, initially funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), is designed to ensure that revenues from Sierra Leone’s diamond mines will foster local development and never again fall into the hands of revolutionary thugs, drug lords, terrorists, money launderers, or the various warring factions in Western Africa’s recurring civil wars.

 

The Peace Diamond Alliance is fighting to reverse the history of diamonds bringing corruption, strife, destruction and violence to Sierra Leone.  Alliance members seek to establish transparent and just diamond production and marketing systems which are so rewarding that smuggling will become a thing of the past as diamonds begin to feed real economic growth and social empowerment.  It moves the discussion beyond “blood diamonds” and “conflict diamonds.”   It empowers Sierra Leoneans to produce and market “peace diamonds” and “development diamonds” – to rebuild lives devastated by a decade of diamond-fed civil war.

 

The Alliance will accomplish this ambitious goal by empowering traditional leaders, community members, and civil society groups to work closely with government and business to re-vamp diamond production for local benefit.  The current geographic focus is in Sierra Leone’s two richest diamond areas: Kono District and Tongo Fields.

 

ACTIVITIES

Conflict Management and Representing Community Interests in Policy

The Alliance is increasingly providing an authentic voice for rural Africans traditionally excluded from local decision-making and the halls of power in Freetown.  The Kono branch has already proven its worth in helping the local property owners resolve differences over indigenous rights and mining safety with an international industrial mining firm, Koidu Holdings.  The Alliance will build on these early successes as it continues the dialogue when Koidu Holdings prepares to establish a second plant in Tongo Fields, another PDA location.  Local individuals and firms in the area often seek the PDA out to help mediate disputes on an informal basis.

 

The Alliance is already a key partner with government in diamond reform efforts and is routinely invited to speak for its constituents in policy forums, as it works with IDMP in helping the government implement policy reform.  It is already one of the “first stops” for responsible businesses and individuals considering entering the industry in Kono and Tongo Fields.   As the PDA becomes increasingly effective in representing the interests of its constituents it can become a vital voice for community members with respect to diamonds and broad-based economic growth. 

 

Community/Industry Self-Regulation:  Code of Conduct

To improve local control of the diamond resource, and recognizing the practical limitations to the Sierra Leone’s government’s ability to regulate the industry, the PDA has established a Code of Conduct as a form of community/industry self-regulation.   Experience in enforcing the Code is not yet sufficient to judge its effectiveness.   Its impact will grow as the PDA includes a greater share of the mining activity within its membership.

 

Raising Capital and Providing Loans to Artisanal Mining Cooperatives

In partnership with its Secretariat (MSI, funded by USAID), the PDA has succeeded in raising funds from international investors to provide loans to its artisanal mining cooperative members.  The community-based initiative will support a total of five cooperatives in 2005.  Current investors in the “pilot” scheme are The Rapaport Group (four cooperatives) and Kono’s Hope (one cooperative.)   The PDA hopes to increase dramatically the number of cooperatives it supports in 2006, if experience under the pilot scheme in warrants expansion.  Businesses and donors interested in investing in cooperatives should contact the PDA at the coordinates provided below.   The loan scheme is part of the Integrated Diamond Management scheme being launched in 2005 by USAID/MSI under the Integrated Diamond Management & Policy (IDMP) Program.

 

Supporting Human Rights and Broader Economic Development

As part of its mission to ensure that diamonds contribute to peace and prosperity, the PDA is committed to promoting human rights and broader economic development within its communities.   Ensuring peace, and providing grassroots community members a voice in the management of their resources – and a reasonable share of the natural resource value extracted from their midst – is an obvious and important route to those ends.  The PDA’s members are also taking a key role in addressing human rights issues directly in such fundamental issues as gender equity, labor conditions, economic equity, child labor, and education. 

 

The PDA also recognizes the risk that overemphasis on mining could retard development of other important economic alternatives for the community.  Accordingly, it is exploring how mining income can be applied to other household and community-wide investments for the long-term development of the community.

 

Providing Grants to PDA Civil Society Members

After ten years of civil war, preceded by decades of under-investment in social infrastructure, civil society in Kono and Tongo Fields is institutionally very weak, with virtually no funding to complement the labor and in-kind contributions of their members.  On the other hand, there are a number of community-based organizations (CBOs) within the PDA that are highly motivated, enjoy a high level of community support, and which have missions – as well as specific project concepts – that are supportive of the PDA objectives, including supporting youth empowerment, human rights, gender issues, and broader economic development.

 

The PDA is currently seeking donor funding to be able to fund directly these CBO initiatives, as a way to support its members, achieve immediate local impact, and develop the capacity of these organizations.   The PDA, with the help if its Secretariat, has already completed institutional assessments of most of these organizations and will be providing broad institutional strengthening support to them during 2005.  Funding to support CBO activities on the ground would greatly energize this process.

 

ROOTS OF AN INTERNATIONAL MOVEMENT?

The Sierra Leone government is pleading to have the PDA expand to other diamondiferous regions in Sierra Leone.  PDA representatives have been invited to attend international diamond policy forums, such as the Kimberley Process and the Development Diamond Initiative, recognizing that lessons learned in Sierra Leone can – with significant adaptation – be applied to other countries rich in alluvial diamonds, such as the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Guinea, and possibly Angola.  General community-based natural resource base management lessons might also be transferred to other extractive-resource sectors in Sierra Leone and elsewhere.

 

STRUCTURE AND MEMBERS

The Peace Diamond Alliance is legally registered charitable organization with the Government of Sierra Leone and is currently operating in both Kono District and Tongo Fields.  Kono and Tongo Fields each have their own General Assembly, which includes all their respective Members.  The General Assembly is responsible for setting overall policy and direction for the Alliance.  Each General Assembly elects each year an Executive Committee at its Annual General Meeting (AGM).  The Executive Committees take operational decisions between the AGMs, ensure that the organizations are run consistent with the directives of the General Assemblies, and EC members are responsible for forwarding to their respective ECs input from their constituents and reporting regularly to their constituents decisions taken by the EC and progress of the PDA.  Membership of the respective General Assemblies, and the structure and membership of the ECs is described immediately below.

 

Executive Committees of Kono District and Tongo Fields

The second generation Kono Executive Committee was elected September 2004.  Tongo Fields’ first Executive Committee was elected in May 2004.  EC members, and the constituencies they represent, are summarized below:

 

 

Individual, organization represented, status

Interest represented

 

Sex

Mohammed Jabbie of MOCKY  (Chairman of EC)

Civil Society

M

Kumba Fillie of Kuendondoya Women’s Group (Vice Chairwoman of EC)

Civil Society

F

Tamba Nelson Moiwa of Sierra Leone Teachers’ Union

Civil Society

M

Tamba Amara of Alluvial Diamond and Gold Miners Association Kono (ADAGMAK)

Miners

M

Kassim Basma Of Kassim Basma (KB) Mining

Exporters

M

Philip Sorboeh of Koidu Holdings

Large Scale Mining Company

M

Tamba A. Kpetewama of Meya development Company

Small Scale Mining Company

M

Jonathan Sharka of the Ministry of Mineral Resources(MMR)

Ministry of Mineral Resources

M

 Sia Tongu of the 50/50 Group

Gender

F

Esther Bayoh of the District Council

District Council

F

 Mary Musa of the Koidu New Sembehun Town Council

Town Council

F

 Kumba Gbamanja of the National Advocacy and Development Association (NAADA)

Civil Society

F

 Nancy Mani of Mortatay Diamond Miners Co-operative Society

Cooperatives Union

 

F

 Fengai Mayeh of Benkoma Mining Co-operative Society

Cooperatives Union

M

 Foday Kallon of the Ministry of Trade and Industry

Ministry of Trade and Industry

M

Paramount Chief Melvin Ngekia of Kamara Chiefdom, Kono

Kono District Council of Chiefs

M

 Prince Saquee of Diamond Dealers Association, Kono

Diamond Dealers

M

 

Members of the Tongo Fields Executive Committee are as follows:

 

Individual, organization represented, status

Interest represented

Sex

 

Sheku Farma-Vice Chairman Lower Bambara Mining Committee-Chairman EC

Miners

M

Mustapha K. Seppeh-Lower Bambara Development Association

Civil Society

M

Ibrahim Bangura of Sierra Leone Indigenous Miners Association (SLIMM)-Secretary to the Committee

Civil Society

M

Patrick Mohai-A.D. Mohai and Associates

Business

M

Chief Kinnie Charles-Town Chief Togbombu Ngeiya

Traditional Leaders

M

PC Alimammy Farma-PC Lower Bambara Chiefdom –Represented on the Committee by Councilor Andrew Fatorma

Traditional Leaders

M

Benson Kemoh- Diamond Dealer, Lowuma town.

Dealers

M

Magareth Momoh of SINAVA Women’s Association

Women’s interest

F

Egujamah Mustapha of the Ministry of Mineral Resources, Tongo Office

Ministry of Mineral Resources

M

 

 General Members of Kono District and Tongo Fields

Current members of the Peace Diamond Alliance for Kono and Tongo Fields are as listed below:

 

Kono District PDA General Membership

Business Sector

Civil Society

Government

Sierra Leone-Based:

¨          Kono Diamond Dealers’ Association

¨          Meya Development Company

¨          Koidu Holdings

¨          Sidibay Kaba Mining Company, Nimikoro

 

International:

¨          The Rapaport Group

¨          The DeBeers Group

¨          Kono’s Hope

¨          K.B. Mining  (Exporting Company)

 

Sierra Leone

¨          MOCKY (Movement of Concerned Kono Youth

¨          (KWA) Kuendondoya Women’s Association

¨          (ADAGMAK) Alluvial Diamond and Gold Miners’ Association of Kono District

¨          Sierra Leone Teachers’ Union (SLTU)

¨          United Mine Workers Union

¨          Sierra Leone Indigenous Miners Movement (SLIMM)

¨          Association of Sierra Leone Master Trainers

¨          Sandor Development Committee

¨          Gbense Development Committee

¨          50/50 Group

¨          Yormo Development Association

¨          CAFÉ Youth Association

¨          Tankoro Youth Development Association

¨          National Awareness Development Association

¨          KOFAMCO

¨          Inter- Religious Council of Sierra Leone

¨          CCSL

 

International:

Global Witness

 

Sierra Leone

¨          Kono District Council of Chiefs

¨          Kono District council

¨          Koidu/New Sembehun Town Council

¨          Ministry of Mineral Resources

¨          Ministry of Trade and Industry

 

International:

¨          United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

¨          U.K. Department for International Development (DfID)

Artisanal Mining Cooperatives

¨          Sandor Diamond Miners Cooperative Society

¨          Koakoyima Diamond Miners Cooperative Society

¨          Teneko Women’s Cooperative society

¨          Tefeya Mining Cooperative

¨          Mortatay Diamond Mining Cooperative Society

¨          Swemaya Miner’s Cooperative society

¨          Wona Musu Mining Cooperative Society

¨          Kono District woman’s cooperative society

¨          Nyurndema Cooperative Society

¨          Sandor Mining Cooperative (SAMCO)

¨          Demamah Mining Cooperative

¨          Nimiyama Mining Cooperative

¨          Peyee Miners and farmers Cooperative Society

¨          Danaya Mining Cooperative Society

¨          Brave Heart Miners and Multi Purpose Cooperative Society

¨          Komafeneh Cooperative Society

¨          Tayorma Mining Cooperative Society

¨          Chanja-Bumpeh Alluvial Diamond Miners cooperative Society

¨          Yorkadu Mining cooperative society

¨          Sukudu Miner’s Cooperative Society

¨          Nimikoro Mining Cooperative Society

 

 

Tongo Fields PDA Executive General Membership

Business Sector

Civil Society

Government

Sierra Leone-Based:

¨          Lower Bambara Co-operative Growers and Marketing Association

¨          Lower Bambara Photographers Association

¨          Tikonko Self-help Agricultural development Association

¨          Tawovahun Farmers Multi-purpose Development Association

¨          Kaja Agricultural Development Association

¨          Tamaraneh Womens marketing Association

¨          Amuloma Womens Marketing Association

¨          Mamuma Agricultural development project

¨          Sinava Agricultural Development Project

¨          Mohai and Associates

 

Sierra Leone

¨          Moana Kpatie Mining and Farmers Association- Artisanal Mining Cooperative United Community Sanitation Development Association

¨          Landoma and Ngeima Integrated Rural Development Association

¨          Pentagon Records Social Club

¨          Sinava Development Association \

¨          Lower Bambara football Association

¨          Sierra Leone Motor Driver Union

¨          Sierra Leone Teachers Union

¨          National Union Of Sierra Leone Students

¨          Lower Bambara Youth Council

¨          Original Hard Roof Social Club

Sierra Leone

¨          Paramount Chief of Lower Bambara Chiefdom

¨          Lower Bambara Chiefdom Development Association

¨           Lower Bambara Chiefdom Mining Committee

¨          Ministry of Mineral Resources

¨           

International:

¨          United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

 

Artisanal Mining Cooperatives

¨          Koinadugu Descendants Co-operative Mining Association

¨          Tongola Mining Association

¨          Car Wash Miners Association

¨          Sierra Leone Indigenous Miners and Multi-purpose Cooperative Union Limited

 

 

 

TO BECOME A MEMBER

Any organization interested in becoming a member of the Peace Diamond Alliance must submit to the relevant Executive Committee(s) the following:

 

1.      A cover letter indicating why the organization is interested in joining the PDA, what the organization hopes to gain from membership, and the organization could contribute to the effectiveness of the PDA;

2.      Proof of current legal status in its own country; and

3.      A completed application form provided by the PDA.

 

The relevant EC will consider the application at its next regularly scheduled meeting and will inform the applicant of the EC’s decision within two weeks of that meeting.   If the decision is favorable, the organization will have temporary membership, until it can be formally admitted at the next Annual General Meeting (AGM).  If the application is denied, the organization can re-submit its plea in person to the full General Assembly at the next AGM.

 

SUPPORT TO THE ALLIANCE

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has been the main donor to the PDA, through it’s funding of Cooperative Agreements with Management Systems International (MSI).   The USAID/MSI partnership, with community members, identified the need for an Alliance and helped establish the PDA.  Subsequently, MSI – with continued USAID funding – has served as the Secretariat to the Alliance, providing support for operating costs, technical assistance, organizational development assistance, sustainability plan development, linkage with the Integrated Diamond Management and Policy (IDMP) Program, and office space.  USAID funding for IDMP is planned to last through August 2006.

 

Other financial support has been provided by:

¨          The World Bank’s CASM (Communities and Small-Scale Mining) project: including participation in an international meeting in Sri Lanka on artisanal mining; technical assistance, training, and a study tour to Ghana;

¨          The Rapaport Group invested funds to support four artisanal mining cooperatives;

¨          Kono’s Hope invested funds to support one artisanal mining cooperative;

¨          The United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DfID) renovated the building in which the PDA and IDMP are housed and has supplied some office equipment; and

¨          Global Witness had contributed labor and travel costs to provide important analysis to the PDA.

 

Other donors and investors interested in supporting the PDA may contact it at the locations cited below for information on opportunities.

 

LOCATION

The PDA may be reached by contacting any of the three IDMP offices in Sierra Leone:

 



Or in the USA:

Mark Renzi  ([email protected])

Management Systems International: 1 (202) 484-7170

Renzi Direct Line: 1 (928) 899-1249

 

THE PEACE DIAMOND ALLIANCE CODE OF CONDUCT

This code of conduct has been created and approved by the PDA Executives on 30th September 2004 and confirmed by the full membership.

 

The essence of the code of conduct can be encapsulated in the following statement:

 

All Alliance members shall conduct themselves in a manner that is beneficial to all other members of the Alliance and the targeted community or communities.

 

Specifically this entails the following:

 

Overall Objectives of the Code of Conduct

1.      All members must give their allegiance to the objectives of the Alliance.

2.      All members must be legally compliant with all fiscal and mining legislation of the Republic of Sierra Leone.

3.      All members must ensure that all diamond proceeds are utilized for peace and development.

4.      All members must report to the Alliance in a timely manner any activity that is inimical to the interest of the diamond mining industry at large.

5.      All Alliance members must perform the duty that is required of them particularly in the area of capacity-building to enhance the sustainability of the programme.

6.      Alliance members must ensure that their workers receive a fair and decent living wage commensurate with their services.

7.      All members and their associates must behave in a transparent manner.

8.      Workers in PDA related mining activities, opting for winnings share must be informed of the percentage of winnings in advance and will be paid according to sale receipts.

9.      A worker or his representative must be present at the time of sale of winnings.

 

Transparency and Accountability

10.  All funds received on behalf of the Alliance must be judiciously spent and accounted for in a transparent manner and reported to the satisfaction of all stake holders.

11.  All Alliance business, including management of the proposed credit scheme, recruitment of Alliance staff and the overall management of the Alliance project must be conducted transparently.

12.  The books of expenses for any Alliance member's mining operation shall be kept in triplicate and all parties, including diggers, shall be privy to the contents.

13.  All Alliance members are to serve as watch dogs of beneficiaries of any assistance, financial or otherwise, to prevent fraudulent activity.

 

Alliance Information

14.  Information meant for the public shall be channeled through the designated official at the respective branch office of the PDA.

 

The Alliance and the Environment

15.  All members of the Alliance must be required to mine in an environmentally safe manner.

16.  All members commit to fill in alluvial work sites at the end of mining and to assist community members to return the area to agricultural use.

 

Alliance Member Behavior

17.  All members of the Alliance must not use child labour.

18.  All members must show respect for colleagues.

19.  All members shall be expected to engage in activities that promote and support others.

Note:

Any complaint or issue arising from the interpretation of the above shall be reported to the Executive Committee for action. Unresolved issues will be settled at the General Meeting of the membership of the Alliance.

 

This document will be reviewed and amended accordingly at each Annual General Meeting.